Since 1980, when critical thinking becomes an important chapter in education, the modern perspective on critical thinking includes the issue of transferability of critical and argumentation skills. The claim that critical thinking is subject specific appears, to be of practical importance and theoretical interest its meaning is unclear, however, and discussions of its are often confusing and at cross purposes in an attempt to clarify the topic, ennis offers a number of distinctions. Equating critical thinking skills to western rationalism might evidence culture bias (atkinson, 1997) or stimulate relativism (veugelers,2000) which ten dam and volman argue originates in emphasising skills rather than subject matter about which students are supposed to be reasoning.
Below are citations of the articles and books authored or co-authored by robert h ennis that deal with practical and theoretical aspects of the nature of, instruction in, and assessment of, critical thinking. Robert h ennis' academic web site this site was last edited on may 2018 please send questions and suggestions to [email protected] my academic interests lie primarily in the areas, critical thinking, philosophy of science, (especially causality), and analysis of educational concepts. Inquiry: critical thinking across the disciplines, 26(3), 39-46 kassem, c l (2000, winter) implementation of a school-wide approach to critical thinking instruction. Abstract it is widely held that developing critical thinking is one of thegoals of science education although there is much valuable work in the area, the field lacksa coherent and defensible conception of critical thinking.
П»ї educational researcher v19 n4 p10-12 may 1990 replies to robert ennis' article, critical thinking and subject specificity: clarification and needed research (april 1989), on subject specificity in the literature on critical thinking. Critical thinking, as i think the germ is generally used, roughly means reasonable reflective thinking focuses on deciding what to believe or do (ennis 1991) robert ennis has been contributing to the discussion on critical thought for over 50 years and runs the website criticalthinkingnet. Despite some attempts to clarify and define critical thinking in health science education and in other fields, it remains a complex and controversial notion that is difficult to define and, consequently, difficult to study (abrami et al, 2008, p 1103.
While there are multiple definitions for critical thinking, there exists a consensus on the idea that critical thinking is a willed, cognitive activity dedicated to making reasoned judgments by conducting analysis and by monitoring our own thought processes and emotional responses (brookfield, 1987 ennis, 1964. Robert ennis' recenteducational researcher article (1989) helps to clarify the troublesome notion of subject specificity in the growing literature on critical thinkingit brings a welcome breath of fresh air to a set of questions that has vexed research efforts and educational programs that attempt to promote critical thinking. Robert ennis' recenteducational researcher article (1989) helps to clarify the troublesome notion of subject specificity in the growing literature on critical thinking. Ennis' definition can also be applied on critical thinking within this specific context whereby he views critical thinking to be a reasonable and reflective thinking that is fostered on what to believe or do (kadir, 2007.
E aizikovitsh, m amitevaluating an infusion approach to the teaching of critical thinking skills through mathematics. Title: critical thinking and subject specificity: a reply to ennis created date: 20160809152256z. The extent to which critical thinking is subject specific: further clarification, educational researcher, 19 (4), 13-16 ennis, rh (1989) critical thinking and subject specificity: clarification and needed research.
Domain generality vs specificity another critical thinking debate posted nov 27, 2017 ennis, r h (1989) critical thinking and subject specificity: clarification and needed research. Critical review/ appraisal of artefacts/resources in your ennis' typology of critical thinking instruction (1989) critical thinking and subject specificity. Among philosophers, the debate tends to be framed in terms of subject-specificity, ie, whether there are critical thinking skills which apply across domains or subjects or whether all such skills are specific to particular subjects.